Somalia is one of the severely affected countries by the on-going drought. Rural communities are left to survive without their animals and crops. Most of them moved to urban areas to access humanitarian aid, especially in Dollow and Luuq districts in order to seek for help. However, this intense movement and re-settlement of persons intensified the congestion in the IDP camps, leading to insufficient shelter, poor hygiene and sanitation coupled with poor access to safe water.
Most rivers have gone dry, and the water in boreholes has turned too saline for human consumption. Consequently, cholera outbreaks in the region have been ongoing since late February, 2017. These began in the Garbaharey district, and rapidly spread to other districts due to the influx of people. Since the first outbreak incident a total of 3,677 cases have been reported. Luuq and Dollow districts were the worst hit with 1,289 and 1,214 cases, which included 36 deaths (the majority were children under the age of five years).
In addition to that, malnutrition rates escalated - mid 2017 the number of sick children admitted to hospitals with severe malnutrition has tripled in 3 months’ time. Outpatient consultations have also increased with more cases of malaria, pneumonia, diarrhoea and skin infections.