Over 5 million Iraqis are currently displaced, living in 3,700 locations across the country. More than one million internally displaced persons (IDPs) and Syrian refugees have been resettled in the Kurdistan Region. The vast majority of those in need are displaced across the Ninewa governorate, which has seen a huge rise in the number of IDPs due to major military operations to liberate the area after almost 3 years of ISIS occupation. Host communities are overburdened in conflict-affected areas.
The range of people in need include people living in camps and emergency sites, people living out of camps, those who have returned to their areas of origin and residents of the host communities. Generally, people living in conflict areas and in areas that are still not under government control, as well as the approximately 230,000 refugees, mainly from Syria, currently living in northern Iraq, are also in need of assistance
An estimated 920,000 people were displaced from East and West Mosul, after the start of the military offensive to retake Mosul city in October 2016. They are mostly housed in camps and emergency settlements to the east of the city, with urgent need of basic assistance – food, water, clothing and household items. At the same time, displaced families start returning to eastern Mosul as areas are liberated.
The economic situation has dramatically deteriorated. In the last few years agricultural production has declined by 40 percent. Hundreds of thousands of people have been forced to migrate to urban areas to search jobs and support. In Kurdistan, government employees, including teachers, have not received their salary for months. Most of the schools and other basic infrastructures are not functioning.