Cordaid opened its Disaster Risk Management Office in Ethiopia in 2006, focusing on Drought Cycle Management and Community Managed Disaster Risk Reduction projects. The office was expanded to Country Office in 2015, representing Cordaid in general.
Our current thematic areas in Ethiopia are resilience, private sector development, health care and humanitarian aid.
Resilience building projects are implemented in the Liben Zone of the Somali Region and in one district in the Borena Zone of the Oromiya Region. Cordaid integrates health care activities in the Resilience projects in Liben Zone as well.
Our health care Results-Based Financing project is carried out in the Yabello district in Borena Zone of the Ormiya Region, and being scaled up to the highlands of the Jimma Zone in 2019. The Female Cancer Initiative Project supports partner organizations in Addis Abeba and Yirgalem, in Sidama Zone of the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region. Resilient Business Development Support Services are provided to small & medium enterprises by Cordaid partner organization R&D in Addis Abeba.
District Disaster Risk Profiles were made of 27 districts in Amhara Region, Southern Nations, Nationalities & Peoples Region and Oromiya Region.
Ethiopia’s economy is growing fast. Ethiopia is also among those countries that made the greatest progress toward achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Over the past two decades, there has been significant progress in key human development indicators: primary school enrollment has quadrupled, child mortality has halved and the number of people with access to clean water has more than doubled. However, Ethiopia still faces challenges in decreasing maternal mortality and gender inequality. Similarly, while access to education has increased, learning outcomes and the quality of education are not keeping pace with it, and there are regional and gender disparities in basic educational proficiency.
The current population stands at almost 100 million with a 2,5% growth rate. This means that 2,5 million young people join the labor force every year. Millions of jobs and other livelihood opportunities need to be created to cater for the growing youthful population. Ethiopia’s urban population is growing at a rate of 3,8% annually, and is expected to increase to 5%. The challenges for urban planning and service provision are enormous, while urban unemployment stands at 17%.
The country is increasingly affected by drought because of climate change. It is approximated that 8 million people still require food aid as a result of the prolonged drought of 2015-2016. At the same time, the risk of flooding has increased due to deforestation, erosion and changing rain patterns. The population now often finds it more difficult to recover after a period of stress. While the people who have been mostly affected live in the semi-arid areas, it is worth noting that the recent drought has also caused disastrous effects in highland areas.
Cordaid in Ethiopia
Resilience projects of Cordaid in Ethiopia aim at strengthening the livelihoods of the most vulnerable people living in drought prone areas, as well as identifying and supporting alternative means of income. They improve access to water and basic services, and increase the capacity of the community and the authorities that serve them to prepare for and recover from natural hazards and other periods of stress.
The Resilient Business Development Services(RBDS) program works with entrepreneurs to make their business sustainable and ready for expansion, thereby creating more employment.
The Female Cancer Initiative aims at early diagnosis and treatment of precancerous cervical cells. This to prevent the development of cervical cancer in women, and to ensure their health and survival as they carry the challenging task of managing households, providing income for their families and raising their children. Additionally, breast cancer screening has been integrated into the program.
When disaster strikes, Cordaid provides humanitarian aid to the communities it works with, by diverting project funding and additional funding, when made available.
A Results-Based Financing (RBF) showcase project is implemented by Cordaid in the dryland area of the Borana Zone since mid-2015. This project was introduced in order to test how RBF at health centres, hospitals, zonal health department and Woreda Health Office (WHO) level can increase the quantity, quality and accessibility in hard to reach areas. The project in Borana is thus a supply side financing mechanism that aims at increasing the health facility as well as the health department and health office outputs by incentivizing pre-determined results. The first phase I of the RBF-project ended in June 2018. A second phase was developed together with the Borana Zonal Health Department for a running period of 18 months, starting at the 1st of July 2018. The number of health facilities benefiting from RBF was scaled up from 9 to 25, and the catchment population was increased to 488,556, covering around 60% of the Borana Zone.
The strategic focus of Cordaid Ethiopia is to arrive at an integration of Resilience, Health and RBDS activities in the Liben Zone in Somali Region, where Cordaid is also consortium lead in the EU funded RESET (Resilience Ethiopia) program. Integrating Health and RBDS in the Resilience program is expected to result in a strategically comprehensive integrated program, while emergency response will be provided by redirecting project budgets and additional funding, if so available.
Partners and donors
ECHO and EU are the main strategic partners and donor organizations supporting resilience projects in Ethiopia, while the World Bank provided funding from the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) to develop the District Risk Profiles in partnership with the Ethiopian National Disaster Risk Management Commission.
Policy dialogue and support services are carried out through the Partners for Resilience Strategic Partnership with Care Netherlands, Wetlands International, The Red Cross Climate Centre and the Netherlands Red Cross, funded by the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Trade and Development Support. In-country support is provided by the Royal Netherlands Embassy.
Results Based Financing to improve health care services is done in close partnership with the Ministry of Health, and funded by Cordaid. Scaling up the RBF-project in the coffee growing highlands of the Jimma Zone for four years is made possible by the generous support of the Royal Netherlands Embassy in Addis Ababa.
Resilient Business Development Support Services are funded by Cordaid and implemented by Cordaid partner organization R&D. It is the intention for Cordaid to expand the services with access to financing for enterprises, to expand their business in partnership with Cordaid Investment Management.
Finally, humanitarian aid has been supported over the past years with funding from Empowerment of Children and Human rights Org (ECHO), the Netherlands Government and SHO, a consortium of Dutch development and humanitarian organizations.