The Central African Republic, a landlocked country, has struggled with violence and political instability for decades. Today, CAR is home to many armed factions and a multitude of local militia groups. These armed groups are responsible for widespread atrocities committed against civilians. The resurgence and persistence of violence in CAR since the beginning of 2017 and the dramatic rise in needs, have further undermined the populations’ resilience and coping mechanisms.
More than 2,4 million Central Africans, over half of the population, are in need of immediate humanitarian assistance. The number of IDPs is currently estimated at 600,250, of which 50% are children. Recurring violence and ineffective government has resulted in a lack of access to basic services and education. Health services are sparse and there is a shortage of skilled medical personnel. People do not have the economic opportunities to provide for themselves, let alone their families.
Poor infrastructure and attacks on aid workers, including kidnappings, further exacerbates the dire humanitarian situation. Women and girls face gender-based violence and discrimination at family, community and society level. Their access to health care, education, security & justice and politics is constrained by social, traditional, cultural and other barriers.